Tuesday, March 8, 2022

When and How did the Women's Day Come into Existence

March 8, 1857: New York, about 100 women who worked in the textile mills gathered to protest against the inhuman working conditions.  The reason was very low wages and 12 working hours.  The police suppressed this protest but after two years the same women workers formed a union.
March 8, 1908: 15000 women in New York take out a movement march, demanded;  Reduced working hours, better wages, the right to vote, and an end to child labor.  In May this year, the Socialist Party of America declared the last Friday of February to be National Women's Day.

 February 28, 1909: The first and first National Women's Day was celebrated across America.  And it was celebrated till 1913.

 1910: Women in Europe started celebrating Women's Day on the last Sunday of February.  The demand for International Women's Day was raised for the first time at the Socialist International Women's Conference in Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark.  The leader of the Socialist Party of Germany, Clara Zetkin, played an important role in this, and women's representatives from 17 countries supported the proposal for International Women's Day.  But till now no fixed date of International Women's Day has been fixed.

 19 March 1911: International Women's Day was celebrated with great enthusiasm in Europe.  In Austria, Germany, Switzerland, and Denmark more than one million women marched in support of their rights and demands;  They should get the right to vote, participate in politics, the right to work, the discrimination between men and women should end at the place of work.  A few days later, 140 women were burnt alive in an accident in New York, most of them Italians and Jews.  But this incident acted as a spark in the movement of women workers across America.

 March 8, 1913–14: In Europe and America, March 8 began to be celebrated as International Women's Day.  Women strongly opposed the First World War.

 23 February 1917: Two million women marched on the streets of Russia in support of bread and peace, and against the increasing poverty that grinds them to pieces at the mill.  At that time the Julian calendar was in practice in Russia, but according to the Georgian calendar, this date was also March 8.

 March 8, 1975: United Nations declared March 8 as International Women's Day.

December 1977: Proposed in the General Assembly of the United Nations that all member countries would recognize one day as Women's Rights Day and International Day of Peace.

Source: No Country for Women, Taslima Nasreen

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